Comments of the World Heritage Committee
Huangshan Mountain was acclaimed as “the loveliest mountain of China” through art and literature when the Shanshui or the “mountain and water” style came to its prime time in the mid-16th century. Today it holds the same fascination for visitors, poets, painters and photographers who come on pilgrimage to the site, and is still known for its magnificent scenery made up of tall pine trees growing out rock crevices and fantastic rocks standing high into the sea of mist and clouds.
Located in Huangshan City in south Anhui Province, the Huangshan Mountain is a national AAAAA tourist area, world-famous for its four wonders — “grotesquely-shaped pines, queer rocks, sea of clouds and hot springs.” There is a saying from ancient times that goes, “It is not worth seeing the Five Sacred Mountains if you have been to the Huangshan Mountain.” The Huangshan Mountain, with a total area of some 1,200 square kilometers, is mainly composed of six major scenic areas -the Hot Soring. Yunsu (Cloud Vallev). Sonssu The Hot Spring Scenic Area feati picturesque scenery and interesting rock mations, as well as the springs themsel The major scenic spots include the Lansh Bridge, the Yiran Pavilion, the Hot Spring Guanpu (Waterfalls Viewing) Pavilion, Bailong (White Dragon) Pond, the Ming: Spring, the Sandie Spring, the Ciguan Pavil the Renzi Waterfalls, the Baizhang Spring Glacier Site, the Zuishi Rock and the Dar Well.
The Cloud Valley Scenic Area, locate the eastern part of the Huangshan Mountai famous for its forests spread in a low-lying area. The main scenic spots include the Yt Villa Hotel and the Jiulong (Nine Dragons) terfalls, as well as the overall pleasure of n ancient trees and queerly-shaped outcrops.
The Pine Valley Scenic Area, locate« northern slope of the Huangshan Mountai celebrated for its ponds. The major scenic s include the Furong Ridge, the Jade Pond the Wulong (Five Dragons) Pond.
The Beihai Scenic Area, located in central part of the Huangshan Mountaii somewhat broad with an altitude of about 1 meters. It boasts wonderful scenery consis of peaks, rocks, pines and clouds and is kn as “the scenic window” of the Huangs Mountain.
The Yuping Scenic Area is the main of the Huangshan Mountain. With the Yu] Tower as its center, it comprises two m peaks named Lianhua and Tiandu. Tt peaks, along with queer rocks, grotesqu shaped pines, steep gullies, cliff carvings a sea of mist and clouds, form the principal sights of this part of the mountain.
The Diaoqiao Scenic Area, centered on the Diaoqiao Nunnery, is located in the western part of the Huangshan Mountain. The Diaoqiao Nunnery, originally called the Baiyun (White Clouds) Nunnery, was a Taoist temple back in the Ming Dynasty and was rebuilt as a nunnery during the reign (1662-1722) of Emperor Kangxi. This scenic area is famous for its odd-looking peaks and rocks, deep gullies, splendid sunset, and beautiful pines and springs.
The religious culture of the Huangshan Mountain is also of long standing, being specifically a famous Taoist site. It is said that Huangdi or the Yellow Emperor, one of the grandfathers of the Chinese nation, continually cultivated his morality and compounded pills of immortality on this mountain. Here we find many Taoist temples, such as the Fuqiu Temple, the Jiulong Temple and the Songgu Site of Taoist rites, as well as numerous places of Taoist interest such as the Liandan Peak and the Xuanyuan Peak.
The Huangshan Airport is only seven kilometers from the downtown areas and has now opened flight routes to Beijing, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Hefei, Tianjin, Hai-kou, Shenzhen, Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Wuhan, Xi’an, Guilin, Kunming, Xiamen, Zhu-hai, Hong Kong and Macao. In addition, there are trains connecting Huangshan with a dozen cities including Beijing, Shanghai and Nanjing and highways connecting Huangshan with Shanghai, Hangzhou, Nanjing, Wuhan and Shenzhen. From downtown to various tourist spots tourists can take regular public buses and a chartered car. In the Huangshan Mountain areas, there are three cablecars which can take tourists to the top of the mountain.
In Huangshan, tourists are highly recommended to taste the local characteristic dish known (somewhat offputtingly) as Smelly Mandarin Fish as well as various delicacies cooked with fresh or dried bamboo shoots and green soy bean curd and stewed partridge. However, the price of these local delicacies varies greatly between restaurants in the downtown area and those in the scenic area. It is therefore advisable to taste them in the downtown area of the city and then take some convenient food when going up the mountain.
The special local products one can buy at Huangshan include Huang-shan Maofeng Tea, chrysanthemums, rock tripe, glossy ganoderma and bamboo shoots. In addition, what are known as “the four treasures of the study”, i.e. writing brush, ink stick, ink slab and paper, especially the ink slab from Shexian County and Anhui ink, are all of the finest quality and make excellent gifts.