The Wuyi Mountain is the most outstanding area for biodiversity conservation in southeast China and a refuge for a large number of ancient species, many of them endemic to China. The serene beauty of the dramatic gorges of the Nine-Bend River, with its numerous temples and monasteries, many now in ruins, provided the setting for the development and spread of neo-Confucianism during the Tang and Song dynasties (618-1279). The neo-Confucianism has brought great influences to the cultures of east China since the 11th century. In the 1st century a large administrative capital was built close to Chengcun by the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD) rulers, surrounded by solid walls, which is of great archaeological significance.
The Wuyi Mountain, located in northwest Fujian Province, is a key area of global biodiversity protection and features the most typical Danxia landform in China. Covering an area of some 999.75 square kilometers, it is a national A A AAA scenic area, famous for green water and red mountains and known as the “most wonderful mountain in southeast China”.
The mountain is richly endowed with wonderful, elegant and ancient scenic spots, including 36 peaks, 99 rocks, the Nine-Bend River, the Taoyuan Cave, the Liuxiang Gully, the Wolong Pond, the Longxiao Rock, the Chongyou Wannian Palace (customarily known as the Wuyi Palace), the site of Ziyang Academy of Classic Learning (or Wuyi Academy) and cliff carvings from all the dynasties through history. Of all these, the Nine-Bend River is reputed as the soul of the Wuyi Mountain, winding for 60 kilometers including 9.5 kilometers through the scenic area. Along both banks is typical Danxia landform.
The Wuyi Mountain boasts rich historical and cultural remains. The site of the Minyue State’s Imperial City, built in the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD), covers an area of 480,000 square meters and is the most intact site of any ancient town from this period in south of the Yangtze River. Tens of thousands of cultural relics of the Han Dynasty have been unearthed here. Moreover, Zhu Xi (1130-1200) studied, wrote books and taught students for 50-odd years on Yuyi Mountain and the rationalistic Confucian philosophical school he established gradually spread to other parts of the country and became an orthodox philosophical thought of the government. The Wuyi Academy established by Zhu Xi was the most influential college at that time.
The Wuyishan Airport is seven kilometers away from the downtown area and the Wuyi Mountain Scenic Area respectively. It has opened 27 domestic and regional flight routes to Xiamen, Fuzhou, Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Dalian, Nanjing, Tianjin, Changchun, Chang-zhou, Hangzhou, Wenzhou, Xi’an, Wuhan, Ningbo, Jinan, Zhuhai, Haikou, Shantou, Zhengzhou, Shenyang, Jinjiang, Zhoushan, Kunming, Hong Kong and Macao. Moreover, there are trains that go directly to Wuyishan. Also tourists can reach Shaowu Railway Station in Fujian or the Shangrao Railway Station in Jiangxi by train and then take a bus to the Wuyi Mountain Scenic Area.
The local characteristic dishes include the Fried Chicken With Bamboo Shoots, the Sliced Snake Meat With Orchids, the Grass Carp With Chrysanthemum, the Loach With Potato Noodles and traditional folk dishes such as salted potherb mustard, smoked goose, and field snails. There is also a lot of venison in the food served on the Wuyi Mountain, but visitors should be reminded not to eat animals or plants under state protection.
Name Star-rate Add Tel Wuyi Villa 4 Wuyigong Palace Scenic Area at the Wuyi Mountain 599-5251888 Manting Hotel 2 Wuyigong Palace Scenic Area at the Wuyi Mountain 599-5252215
The Wuyi Mountain is particularly proud of “four treasures”, namely the bamboo shoots in the east, tea in the south, fish in the west and rice in the north. The bamboo shoots are tender, white, crisp and sweet; the Wuyi Rock Tea is unique in fragrance and taste; the fish in the west refers to those from the rivers in the Yangzhuang Town in west Wuyishan City; and the rice in the north is comparable bigger, brighter and more fragrant. Many tourists purchase them as gifts for their relatives and friends.
Admission: 122 yuan in low season and 202 yuan in busy season. Telephone for cablecars: 0086-559-5586060/5585728