Comments on Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries by the World Heritage Committee
Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries, home to more than 30 percent of the world’s pandas (classed as highly endangered), covers an area of 9,245 square kilometers and includes seven nature reserves and nine scenic parks in the Qionglai and Jiajin mountains. These sanctuaries constitute the largest contiguous habitat of the giant pandas, a relict from the paleo-tropical forests of the Tertiary Era, and are also the species’ most important site for captive breeding. Also the sanctuaries are home to other globally endangered animals such as the lesser panda, the snow leopard and the clouded leopard. The area as a whole is among the botanically richest sites of any regions in the world, not including the tropical rainforests, growing between 5,000 and 6,000 species of flora representing over 1,000 genera.
Located in Sichuan Province of China, the Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries are located on the Wonglong, Siguniang and Jiajin Mountains between the Dadu and Minjiang rivers, and include seven nature reserves (the Wolong, the Fengtongzhai, the Siguniang Mountain, the Laba River, the Heishui River, the Jintang-Kongyu, and the Caopo) and nine scenic parks (the Qingcheng Mountain-
Dujiangyan Irrigation System, the Tiantai Mountain, the Siguniang Mountain, the snow-covered Xiling Mountain, the Jiguan Mountain-Jiulong Valley, the Jiajin Mountain, the Miyaluo, the Lingjiu Mountain-Daxue Peak, and the Erlang Mountain), covering an area of 9,245 square kilometers in 12 counties and cities of four cities and prefectures (Chengdu, Ya’an, Aba and Garze). They constitute the largest and most perfect habitat area of giant pandas in China (and thus the world) and are home to more than 30 percent of the world’s giant pandas which are classed as highly endangered.
The giant panda is a rare “living fossil” native to China. It is also an endangered species attracting global attention and affection in equal measure. It not only constitutes one of China’s national treasures, but is of universal value in terms of the protection of biodiversity. It has small black ears, big head, round face and those famous “black eye patches”. It has a black-and-white coat. With its simple, rather naive look, it is liked by every person who sees it. As a consequence it serves as an enduring symbol of peace and friendship.
The Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries are, to some degree, a “living museum”. In addition to the giant pandas we can also find golden monkeys, antelopes and other rare animals, as well as more than 10,000 higher species of flora, this being a world-reknown biodiversity area.
The Chengdu Railway Station has trains leading to more than 10 large cities in China, including Beijing, Xi’an, Kunming and Shanghai. The Xinnanmen Bus
Station and the Chadianzi Bus Station, which both offer regular scheduled services to the Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries. The Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding and Research Base can be reached by taking public bus Nos. 9, 15 or 303 from downtown Chengdu.
Sichuan has numerous special local products including Sichuan brocade, Sichuan embroidery, articles made of bamboo, lacquerwork, gold and silver ware, New Year’s pictures from Mianzhu, bean sauce from Pixian County, Jiaozi tobacco and the Meng-shan Tea. It is also a land flowing with well-regarded wines. The Wuliangye, Swellfun, Jiannanchun and Luzhou Laojiao liquors are well known at home and abroad. Tourists therefore have a great deal of choice when purchasing gifts or souvenirs.
Admission for the Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding and Research Base: 10 yuan
Opening hours: 08:00 -18:00