Located at the middle portion of the Chinese coast, and sitting at the mouth of the Yangtze River, Shanghai is the most populous city in China. Covering an area of 6,340 square kilometers, among which the urban accounts for 740 square kilometers, it consists of 18 districts and one county with a total population of 13.79 million.
Known as “Hu” or “Shen” for short, Shanghai is one of the four municipalities directly under the Central Government. And it is the biggest and most prosperous city in China as well as a renowned international metropolis drawing more and more attention from all over the world. It oozes an atmosphere of vitality, and a dynamic which can rival New York in the United States and Paris of France in terms of modernity.
Shanghai is also a popular tourist destination and a miraculous city where the aesthetical feeling of the ancient eastern land meets with the splendid enchantment of a modern municipality. Up to 2006, it boasts numerous natural and historical relics, including 19 Important Heritage Sites under State Protection, over 100 Heritage Sites under Municipal Protection, 175 Outstanding Modern Architectures and over 300 tourist attractions. It hosted the World Expo in 2010, attracting 73 million visitors.
Once a fishing and textiles town, Shanghai grew in importance in the 19th century due to its favourable port location and was one of the cities opened to foreign trade by the 1842 Treaty of Nanking. The city then flourished as a centre of commerce between east and west, and became a multinational hub of finance and business in the 1930s.However, with the Communist Party takeover of the mainland in 1949, the city’s international influence declined. In 1990, the economic reforms introduced by Deng Xiaoping resulted in an intense re-development of the city, aiding the return of finance and foreign investment to the city.Shanghai is now aiming to be a global finance hub and international shipping centre in the future,and is one of the world’s major financial centres.
With links to 110 cities in 48 countries, the commercial, trading and transportation hub of Shanghai is the gateway to China for many travellers. Though rich in cultural heritage, the city’s prime calling card is its urban charm. The People’s Square and the banks of Huangpujiang River offer great sightseeing, business and shopping opportunities. You can shop in high-end venues for designer items or cruise through the backstreets to hunt for interesting trinkets, including a myriad of traditional Chinese handicrafts.
Sheshan Mountain, Dingshan Lake, Yangshan Deep Water Port and Chongming Island are great choices for day-trip escapes. The city enjoys a pleasant northern sub-tropical maritime monsoon climate with four distinct seasons.
As a living gallery of world architecture, the Bund is a true symbol of Shanghai. Its dozens of historical buildings light up at night to make a dazzling spectacle.