Comments of the World Heritage Committee
The Peking Man Site is in the Longgu Mountain to the west of Zhoukoudian Town, Fangshan District, which lies 42 kilometers southwest of Beijing. Scientific work at the site is still underway. So far, it has led to the discovery of the remains of Sinanthropus pe-kinensis, who lived in the Middle Pleistocene, along with various objects, and remains of Homo sapiens dating as far back as 18,000-11,000 BC. The site is not only an exceptional reminder of the prehistorical human societies of the Asian continent, but also illustrates the entire process of evolution.
Located on the north side of the Longgu Mountain, Zhoukoudian Town, Fangshan District, southwest of Beijing, the Peking Man Site covers an area of 2.4 square kilometers. It is world-famous for the excavation of the fossil known as Peking Man back in the 1920s. It is the early Paleolithic Age (about 2.5 million-10,000 years ago) site with the richest materials and of the most systemic value to anthropological research.
It includes eight sites of ancient human remains. It was actually the workers exploiting the limestone nearby who first discovered these caves. The site at Zhoukoudian was explored as early as 1921 by the Swedish geologist J.G. Anderson (1874-1960) and an Austrian paleontologist. The discovery of a whole skull by the Chinese archaeologist Pei Wenzhong (1904-1982) in 1929 laid a solid foundation for the proof of the existence of Peking Man, a landmark in the history of palaeo-anthropological research. So far, six skulls, 15 jaws, 157 teeth and many bone pieces have been excavated, representing about 40 Peking Man individuals, as well as a great number of stone items, bone wares, horn works and remains of the use of fire. These fossils provide us with a practical basis for the study of the evolution of modern human beings and their development through earlier periods. Homo Erectus Pekinensis, one such evolutionary stage, is well-defined. The dispute as to whether Homo Erectus Pekinensis is ape or man hereby came to an end. The Peking Man Site has become a treasury of the ancient culture of the human race.
Tourists can take public bus No. 917 Branch Line leading to Zhangfang and get off at the Zhoukoudian Stop. Also they can take public bus No. 616 to Ximen in Liang-xiang and then transfer to loop bus No. 2, and disembark at the Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian.
Fangshan District has many local specialities such as baked small corn cakes, braised mutton, fresh dressed cedrela sinensis mixed with soy sauce, and Fangshan chrysanthemum wine, all of which are worth tasting.
Many souvenirs are sold at the site, including portraits of the famous head of the Peking and a variety of post cards.
Opening Hours: 08:30-16:30 (year round)
Admission: 30 yuan