Situated in the west of Henan Province, Luoyang is among the first group of famous historical and cultural cities approved by the Chinese government, and an excellent tourism city of China. Luoyang enjoys a reputation of being the “capital for the 13 dynasties”. Starting from the Xia Dynasty (c. 21st -16th century B.C.), the first dynasty in Chinese history, Luoyang served as a capital for 1,500 years of 13 dynasties. It has an area of 15,492 sq km and a population of 6.77 million.
Luoyang is a sacred land of Chinese civilization, and the birthplace of Heluo culture — the core and foundation stone of traditional Chinese culture. Taoism, Confucianism and Buddhism originated from Luoyang, as did the idealist school of philosophical thought. Accordingly, Luoyang is one of the places that attract large numbers of overseas Chinese to trace the root and worship their ancestors every year. The Longmen Grottoes is the largest imperial rock-carving art treasure house in China, and a world cultural heritage site; the White Horse Temple in Luoyang is reckoned to be the cradle of Chinese Buddhism; the Guanlin Temple is said to be where the head of the renowned ancient general, Guan Yu, was buried; the Studio of One Thousand Inscriptions on the Memorial Tablets is praised as the “Rock-carved Tang History”; and the “Emperor’s Chariot Drawn by Six Horses” excavated at the Eastern Zhou Capital City Square is well known throughout the world.
Luoyang boasts picturesque natural scenery. The Yellow River Xiaolangdi Scenic Area in the north and the Funiu Mountain Eco-tourism Area in the south make Luoyang become a unique natural and ecological tourism city. Luoyang peonies have been famous since ancient times. The annual Luoyang Peony Fair has become one of the renowned tourism festivals of China, integrating tourism and economic and trade activities, and presenting its unusual peony culture.