Visually stunning Hong Kong is one of the two Special Administrative Regions (SAR) in China and is East Asia’s most fantastic city. Its major stopover status and financial importance make it an all round contender as one of the most interesting cities in the world. Situated on the southern coast of Guangdong province, Hong Kong consists of four sections, namely Hong Kong Island, Kowloon peninsula, New Territories and Lidao Islands. It covers an area of 1062 square kilos and has a population of 6.8 million, one of the highest population densities in the world.
Hong Kong came under British administration as a direct result of the Opium Wars in 1842. Then large area Kowloon was and the New Territories was leased to Great Britain. So from 1842 to 1898, the British aggressors forcibly occupied the Hong Kong Island, Kowloon and the New Territories one after another and the Hong Kong region became a British colony and was ruled by the British. And on 1 July 1997, China resumed the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, thus Hong Kong has returned anew to the embrace of the motherland.
Hong Kong is separated by a river in the north, neighboring Shenzhen city, Guangdong Province. To the west, it is separated by the Pearl River estuary, facing Macau and Zhuhai cities and to the east and south it is overlooking the vast South China Sea. Due to its unique geographical position, special charming of the combination of the east and west cultures and its identity of tax free port, Hong Kong has now developed into an economic centre in Asia, a tourism city and so called Shopping Heaven. Famous places include Ocean Park and Tian Tan Buddha. During the past several decades, the economy of Hong Kong has undergone an extremely rapid development and its economic strength is getting momentum with each passing day, thus forming six great pillars of industries’ trade, finance, manufacture, shipping, real estate and tourism. Big companies and banking corporations of many countries throughout the world have come to Hong Kong for trade.
Hong Kong today is a flourishing international metropolis, which is well run, clean and beautiful. In the commercial towers and shopping centers, you will find exquisite merchandise, a feast for the eyes. It looks as if international fairs of merchandise from various countries throughout the world were held here every day. Hong Kong’s communications are highly developed, subway and ground railway, highway, undersea tunnels, motorway interchange, viaduct, ferry, airport and what not radiating in all directions, like a piece of huge network knitting the whole city together. Hong Kong is a business center as well as a city for tourism. It is known as a fine place for food, shopping, entertainment and recreation.