In the Mongolian language, Hohhot means the “Blue City”.The name of the city in Mongolian means “Blue City.” The color blue in Mongolian culture is associated with the sky, eternity and purity; in Chinese, the name can be translated as Qīng Chéng. As the capital of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Hohhot has a total area of 17,271 sq km and a population of 2.2 million, consisting of many ethnic groups, such as Mongolian, Han, Manchu, Daur and Korean.
Thanks to its long history, Hohhot has many historical sites and cultural ruins, such as the Temple of Five Pagodas, Dazhao Lamasery, Xiaozhao Lamasery and Xilituzhao Lamasery. Wang Zhaojun’s Tomb (also known as the Green Tomb or Tmur Urhu) is in the southern suburbs, and the Wanbu Huayanjing Pagoda (or Pagoda for Keeping Ten-Thousand Copies of the Buddha-avatamsakasutra) is located in the eastern suburbs. Hohhot was named the famous national historical and cultural city by the State Council in 1986. Hohhot is known for its historical sites and temples, It is also nationally known as the home of China’s dairy giants Mengniu and Yili, and was declared “Dairy Capital of China” by the China Dairy Industry Association and the Dairy Association of China in 2005.
Food specialty in the area is mostly focused on Mongolian cuisine and dairy products. Commercially, Hohhot is known for being the base of nationally renowned dairy giants Yili and Mengniu. The Mongolian drink suutei tsai(“naicha” ) in Chinese, “milk tea” in English), which has become a typical breakfast selection for anyone living or visiting the city. The city also has rich traditions in the making of hot pot and shaomai. There is also a large selection of Korean and Muslim restaurants, in addition to cuisine from other regions of China.
The city features a cold semi-arid climate, marked by long, cold and very dry winters, hot, somewhat humid summers, and strong winds, especially in spring. The coldest month is January, while the July, the hottest month.Although the range and extremes of temperatures and precipitation vary, Inner Mongolia’s climate is typically dry, with warm summers and very cold, dry winters. Hohhot is a popular destination for tourists during the summer months because of the nearby Zhaohe grasslands. More recently, due to desertification, the city sees sandstorms on almost an annual basis.