Located in Southwest China, Chengdu (Chinese: 成都) is the capital of Sichuan province, which is praised as the “Heavenly State”. Maintaining sub-provincial administrative status, the city has also been considered as one of the most important economic centers, transportation and communication hubs in Western China.
According to the 2007 Public Appraisal for Best Chinese Cities for Investment, Chengdu was listed as one of the top ten cities to invest in out of a total of 280 Chinese urban centers. Located in the west of Sichuan, Chengdu is also the natural habitat of giant pandas. Chengdu Basin lies in the center of Chengdu Plain, which covers a total area of 12.3 thousand square kilometers (4,749 square miles) with a population of over 11 million.
Sichuan Province has benefited from Dujiangyan Irrigation Project which was constructed in 256 B.C. And why people give it a name as “Tian Fu Zhi Guo” is because literally it is a place richly endowed with natural resources. Chengdu, as the capital, is extremely productive. The Min and Tuo Rivers, two branches of the Yangtze River, connected to forty other rivers, supply an irrigation area of more than 700 square kilometers (270.27 square miles) with 150-180 million kilowatts of water. Consisting of abundant mineral resources, the land is extremely fertile.
Chengdu enjoys a long history for 2,400 years when the first emperor built his capital here and named the city. Through thousands of years, its original name has been kept and its position as the capital and as the significant center of politics, commerce and military of the Sichuan area (once called Shu) remained unchanged. Since the Han (206B.C.-220) and Tang (618-907) Dynasties when its handicraft industry flourished, Chengdu has been famous for its brocades and embroideries. Shu embroideries still enjoy a high reputation for their bright colors and delicate designs, ranking among the four main embroideries in China. Chengdu was the place where the bronze culture originated, the place where the Southern Silk Road started, and the place where the earliest paper currency, Jiaozi (not the dumpling!), was first printed. It is listed among the first 24 state-approved historical and cultural cities and owns 23 national and provincial cultural relic units.
In addition to its profound historical and cultural background featuring historic places of interest (such as the Thatched Cottage of Du Fu, Wuhou Memorial Temple and Wenshu Monastery, etc), natural beauty abounds in surrounding areas. Visitors will be impressed by iuzhaigou Scenic Area and Huang Long Valley (Yellow Dragon Valley), and Chengdu Panda Breeding and Research Center, the world’s only giant panda breeding and research base.
Sampling the famous Sichuan cuisine is a must on a trip to Chengdu. Enjoying the food as well as the culture, shopping and having tea at a teahouse can give you a full glimpse of Chengdu.
Chengdu is also the main inland access city to Tibet. Improved land and airlines extending nationwide have provided greater convenience to visitors all over the world.