Chinatripreview

Trip Review for China

China’s Capital – Beijing

Beijing

Beijing is the capital of the People’s Republic of China, as well as the political, cultural and international exchange center of the country. Located in the north of the North China Plain, Beijing has a temperate semi-moist climate. With a long history, Beijing is one of the famous historical and cultural cities and one of the ancient capitals in the world. As early as 700,000 years ago, “Peking Man” lived in the primitive tribe Zhoukoudian Area near Beijing. Along with the rapid development of the economy and culture, Beijing has been marching towards the world step by step, and is becoming a world-famous modern metropolis.

Before 1949, Beijing was known as Peking by the Western world. After 1949, the city’s name returned to Beijing, as it is known today. Since the early 1980s when China initiated economic and market reforms under the late Deng Xiaoping, Beijing has become a truly modern, international city.

Beijing City is an independently administered municipal district. She is situated in the northeastern part of China at an elevation of 43.5m above sea level. The climate in Beijing is of the continental type, with cold and dry winters and hot summers. January is the coldest month (-4 Celsius), while July the warmest (26 Celsius).

Beijing has a whole area of 16808 sq km (about 6500 sq mi), stretching 160 kilometres from east to west and over 180 kilometres north to south. 38% of it is flat land and 62% mountains. She has 16 districts and 2 counties with Dongcheng, Xicheng, Xuanwu, Chongwen, Chaoyang, Haidian, Fengtai and Shijingshan in or close to the Beijing city proper and Fangshan, Mengtougou, Changping, Tongxian, Shunyi, Daxing, Huairou, Miyun, Pinggu and Yianqing in the outer suburbs. Population in Beijing is about 17 million.

The Forbidden City
Located in the centre of Beijing, the Forbidden City was the Imperial Palace of the Ming dynasty (1368–1644) and Qing dynasty (1644–1911). Twenty-four emperors ruled from here and now it serves as the National Palace Museum, displaying treasures from the two dynasties. The entire palace is elegantly decorated, luxurious and splendid. It’s also been declared a UNESCO World Heritage site.
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The Great Wall of China
The Great Wall is a symbolic representation of the Chinese nation. It has a total length of over 19,000 kilometres and is one of the world’s greatest and most recognised structures, spanning northern China from east to west. It was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1987. Construction began during the rule of Qin Shi Huang (246–221 BC) and was extended by subsequent rulers. Sections of earlier fortifications were joined together to form a united defence system against invasions from the north. Construction continued up until the Ming dynasty (AD 1368–1644), when the Great Wall became the world’s largest military structure. Its historic and strategic importance is matched only by its architectural significance.
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National Stadium (Bird’s Nest)
Debuting for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, the National Stadium’s main body is constructed by a series of steel trusses seamlessly woven around a bowl to form a ‘bird’s nest’ shape, reminiscent of the beauty and harmony of nature. With its advanced energy-saving design and incorporated sustainability measures, the National Stadium is one of China’s large-scale environmentally friendly buildings.
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Other attractions
Siheyuan architecture: Siheyuan are old Beijing–style houses built around quadrangle courtyards. Typically, four houses are connected to each other to form a square structure with the courtyard in the centre.

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