Batik printing is a well-known art kind which is a typical traditional ethnic folk cloth for fabric printing and dyeing in China.This sort of art has suffiently revealed the wisdom and delicacy of Chinese craftsmen. Named together with tie dyeing and stencil printing as “Three Major Printing Crafts in Ancient China”.
The original color was kept in the waxed areas and when the wax is removed the contrast between the dyed and undyed areas gives the pattern. Batik is done by the ethnic people in Guizhou Province, in the South-West of China. The Miao, Bouyei and Gejia people use a dye resist method for their traditional costumes. The traditional costumes are made up of decorative fabrics, which they achieve by pattern weaving and wax resist. Almost all the Miao decorate hemp and cotton by applying hot wax then dipping the cloth in an indigo dye. The cloth is then used for skirts, panels on jackets, aprons and baby carriers. The traditional patterns contain symbolism; the patterns include the dragon, phoenix, and flowers.
One of the significant features of this art is that it is very simple and can be done by anyone. Colorful batik prints grace the home furnishings with elegance and style. Beautiful bags, household linens, murals and wall paintings with striking batik works enjoy a great demand in the domestic and international market. The batik wall hangings accentuate the walls with their bright colors and motifs. Batik has also made its mark as impressive textile products. Batik printed kurtis, saris and wrappers are the preferred choices of the fashion crazy populace.
Early as 2000 years ago, the Qin and Han period, living in the northeast and southwest Yunnan nationalities ancestors began to use natural plant and mineral dyes made of woolen, cotton fabric dyeing printing, “Drawing on the cloth, and then stained to wax you see the flowers.” The Tang Dynasty, batik process introduced by the Southwest Central Plains. Song after seeing the decline of the Central Plains of batik technique, southwest batik is still keep simple, primitive style, in a one of the workshops in inherited.
Today batik designs have undergone changes with the change of styles and tastes. A modern batik design is simple yet attractive piece of art that captivates the various nuances of modern life in a mesmerizing blend of colors and patterns. However there is equal craze for traditional and contemporary batik designs.